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6 Imperative Facts You Should Know About Carbon

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6 Imperative Facts You Should Know About Carbon

Post  bejoy on Tue Jul 25, 2017 2:17 am

1. What is carbon?
Carbon is the 15th most plentiful element on the Earth's crustand is abundant in the Sun, stars, comets, and in atmospheres of most of the planets. It is a soft element and dull grey or black in color.
Its name is derived from a Latin word "carbo" which means "charcoal".
Carbon is a chemical element with atomic symbol C and atomic number 6.The atoms of carbon, bonds together in different ways which is termed as allotropes of carbon. The best known allotropes are graphite and diamond.
The most common oxidation state in inorganic compounds of carbon is +4, whereas in carbon monoxide +2 is found.Carbon is known to form almost ten million different compounds.
2. How is the composition of Carbon in the environment?
Carbon and its components are extensively distributed in nature.
Pure crystalline carbon is present in the form of diamond and graphite. Free carbon is present in big reservoirs in form of hard coal.The Earth's atmosphere contains continuous increasing concentration of carbon dioxide and monoxide.
All plants and living animals are formed by organic compounds where carbon is combined with hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and other various elements. The natural gas deposits contains compounds formed by carbon and hydrogen.

3.What are few important Chemical properties of carbon?
Carbon is a group 14 and p-block element.
Atomic number: 6.
Atomic mass: 12.011 g/mol

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