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Organic chemistry – study of carbon compounds

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Organic chemistry – study of carbon compounds

Post  bejoy on Thu Sep 07, 2017 1:52 am

Organic chemistry can be defined as the study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.Carbon is unique in the variety and extent of structures that can result from the three-dimensional connections of its atoms.

The range of chemicals studied in organic chemistry include hydrocarbons, as well as myriad compositions based on carbon, but also containing other elements like oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus and the radiostable elements of the halogens.

A major focus of organic chemistry is the isolation, purification, and structural study of these naturally occurring substances. Many natural products are simple molecules. Examples include formic acid (HCO2H) in ants, ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH) in fermenting fruit, and oxalic acid (C2H2O4) in rhubarb leaves.

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