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What is Alkylation?

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What is Alkylation?

Post  bejoy on Fri Nov 03, 2017 12:35 am

Alkylation:

Alkylation is the process of transferring an alkyl group from one molecule to another. Alkyl substituent is an alkane which have one missing hydrogen atom. It is basically the process of introducing hydrocarbons into chemicals. An alkyl group molecule has general formula as CnH2n+1, where ā€˜nā€™ signifies number of carbons associated together. An alkyl group can be transferred as an alkyl free radical, carbonation, a carbanion or as a Carbene.

Alkyl groups can also be removed from the compound by the process Dealkylation.

Alkylating Agents Classification:

1.Nucleophilic Alkylating agents:

These agents deliver anion (negatively charged) alkyl to the hydrocarbon in a compound. These agents can displace halide also. They can also alkylate alkyl and aryl halides, in the presence of catalysts. These agents are used to produce fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide and astatide elements.
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