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The Properties of Formic acid

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The Properties of Formic acid

Post  gill on Thu Nov 18, 2010 10:13 pm


Formic acid (also called methanoic acid) is the simplest carboxylic acid. Its formula is HCOOH or HCO2H. It is an important intermediate in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally, most notably in the venom of bee and ant stings. In fact, its name comes from the Latin word for ant, formica, referring to its early isolation by the distillation of ant bodies. Esters, salts, and the anion derived from formic acid are referred to as formate(s).
Formic acid is miscible with water and most polar organic solvents, and somewhat soluble in hydrocarbons. In hydrocarbons and in the vapor phase, it consists of hydrogen-bonded dimers rather than individual molecules. Owing to its tendency to hydrogen-bond, gaseous formic acid does not obey the ideal gas law. Solid formic acid (two polymorphs) consists of an effectively endless network of hydrogen-bonded formic acid molecules. This relatively complicated compound also forms a low-boiling azeotrope with water (22.4%) and liquid formic acid also tends to supercool.


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Re: The Properties of Formic acid

Post  jyoti on Fri Nov 19, 2010 10:44 pm

Formic acid is common name of the compound whereas in general organic chemistryThe organic compound are named according to the IUPAC rules which are the standard rules and followed wordwide.
IUPAC name of Formic Acid is Methanoic Acid - having an carboxylic group as a functional group. It is the simplest Carboxylic acid as it is having one carbon atom .
Formula is HCOOH .
Carboxylic group -COOH is a functional group attached which shows that its an carboxulic acid.

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