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Biochemical Technology and Its Products

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Biochemical Technology and Its Products

Post  vaseline on Tue Jun 28, 2011 10:51 pm

Biochemical technology is a mixture of biological engineering technology and chemical engineering technology, and the development of chemical technology can accelerate the progress of biological technology. In the 21st century, resources crisis and environmental protection have become a serious issue, which forces the complete transformation of the production model of chemical industry. The modern chemical industry should adopt an environment-friendly and effective new production model which takes reproducible biological resources as raw materials. The core of this new production model is just industrial biotechnology. Modern biotechnology has shown its great power in developing new resources, new materials, new energies and new medicines. Biotechnology has been one trend for green chemistry and green chemical industry to follow. Just as process technology and catalysts, biotechnology also has great potential to arouse a new round of revolutionary transformation of chemical industry. Biochemical technology has great and bright development and application prospect, which has attracted people's attention all over the world.

At present, various efforts have been put into the study of biochemical development. Many large enterprises have already invested much capital and human resources in order to conduct the study of biochemical technology, such as E.I.Du Pont Company, Monsanto Company, Bayer Company and The Dow Chemical Company. Nowadays, lots of polymeric amino acid products are just the results of the application of biotechnology in amino acid industry. Nearly each company has its main products to develop.

Butanedioic acid is a kind of potential basic raw material for biochemistry. At present, several companies are making use of butanedioic acid to produce tetrahydrofuran. Recently, DSM Company is taking great efforts to set up a sector to produce coatings, resins and special plastics in the field of functional materials. Before this attempt, DSM Company focused on developing simple biological industry which is limited in microorganism industry and pharmaceutical industry to replace those complex products like antibiotics produced through multi-step chemical synthesis.

3-hydroxy propanol (3-HP) is developed by the cooperation of Cargill Inc. and The Dow Chemical Company, which is used to produce present chemical products like propanediol and acrylic acid. Nowadays, with 3-HP as raw materials, a new kind of derivant has been being developed, namely, 3- hydroxy propionate, which can be used in water treatment to remove scale deposit. In order to develop the biological preparation techniques of 3-HP, Cargill Inc. and Codexic Copmany which focuses on enzyme development are looking for a certain kind of enzyme in order to catalyze key reactions which are impossible to take place in natural conditions. The sale volume of biological products has exceeded one hundred million dollars, while the production cost has declined rapidly because of the development of biological catalysts and technologies. For example, the production cost of lactic acid has decreased to 0.25-0.3$/ 1b instead of 1 $ / 1b before.

Modern biochemical technology has become a main industry which has even attracted the concern of military industry. For example, United States Department of Defense is quite interested in making use of biochemical technology to produce biobattery, etc.
The upsurge and biochemical industry and its products has been a development trend in social production, which has a bright prospect in the future.


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