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Basic information of n-Butane

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Basic information of n-Butane

Post  1637237353 on Thu Jul 21, 2011 3:51 am

n-Butane, also known butane, is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefied gas with a faint petroleum-like odor. It is an alkane with four carbon atoms. Butane refers two structural isomers of n-butane and isobutane. It is insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform and other hydrocarbons. n-Butane is used primarily as gasoline blending components and less so as liquefied fuel and in the manufacture of chemicals.
n-Butane gas is sold bottled as a fuel for cooking and camping. When blended with propane as liquefied petroleum gas, it is largely used for heating homes, cooking and industrial heating. Pure butane gas is used in standard gas, calibration gas, aerosol spray regent, temperature and pressure gauges and ionizing particle counter. n-Butane is also used as fuel for cigarette lighters and portable stoves and as raw material for synthetic rubber and high octane liquid fluids. In addition, it is mainly used as raw material in organic synthesis. For example: after dehydrogenation, butylene and butadiene can be obtained; after isomerization iso-butane can be obtained; after catalytic oxidation, Maleic anhydride, acetic acid, acetaldehyde can be obtained; after halogenate, halogenated butane can be obtained; after nitration, nitrobutane can be obtained.
n-Butane is a kind of extremely flammable chemical. Therefore, you had better take the following instructions: Keep container in a well-ventilated place; Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. Inhalation of n-butane can cause asphyxia, euphoria, drowsiness, cardiac arrhythmia, narcosis, and frostbite, which can result in death from asphyxiation and ventricular fibrillation.


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